NCERT Geography class 10 chapter 2 solutions Forest and wildlife Resource

1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?

 (a) Agricultural expansion.

 (b) Large scale developmental projects.

 (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection.

 (d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation.

Ans. (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection.

(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

 (a) Joint forest management

 (b) Chipko Movement

 (c) Beej Bachao Andolan

 (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Ans. (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.

Animals/Plants                                          Category of existence

Black buck                                              –       Endangered

 Asiatic elephant                                   –        Vulnerable

 Andaman wild pig                                –        Endemic

 Himalayan brown bear                       –         Rare

Pink head duck                                      –         Extinct

3. Match the Following.

Reserved forests            Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resource 

Protected forests           Forest lands are protected from any further depletion

 Unclassed forests         other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities Protected

4. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Ans. Biodiversity:  is immensely rich in wildlife and cultivated species, diverse in form and function but closely integrated in a system through multiple networks of interdependencies

(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain

Ans. Human activities are responsible for the depletion of flora and fauna:

  • Forest fire
  • Hunting
  • Environment pollution
  • Development project
  • Mining of minerals

5. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

 (1) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?

Forest are the homes for many communities in India. They are struggling for a long time. They are doing by their own level and they help government to save forest. Some examples of such communities are given below:

  1. In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
  2. In the Alwar district of Rajasthan have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’, declaring their own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting, and are protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments

(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.

People become aware towards conservation and proper management of flora and fauna. Now human being is not ignoring these issues. Some of them are discussed below

  1. Chipko movement was started to conserve the forest.
  2. The Beej Bachao Andolan and one the most appreciated movement started by the humans.
  3. Functions like Vanomahotsava are celebrated by human to plant more trees.
  4. In many ways, human beings accepting environment friendly activities to meet their needs
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